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Tooth Decay Treatment in Brisbane

dental exam roomAlso known as cavities or dental caries, cavities are the number one cause of tooth loss and pose a significant threat to oral hygiene. A cavity occurs when bacteria in our mouths produce acids that erode the protective layer of our teeth, known as enamel. If left unchecked, tooth decay can progress deeper, affecting the dentin and pulp leading to severe pain and infection.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 2.3 billion people worldwide suffer from dental caries.


What Are the Causes and Contributing Factors?

Several factors contribute to the development of tooth decay. The primary cause is the buildup of plaque, a sticky film composed of bacteria, on the teeth. Plaque thrives on the sugars in foods and drinks, producing acids that attack the enamel.

Other contributing factors include poor oral hygiene, which allows plaque to accumulate, creating an ideal environment for tooth decay. Additionally, dry mouth, certain genetic predispositions, and medications that reduce saliva production can increase the risk of cavities.

Signs and Symptoms

Recognising the signs and symptoms of tooth decay is crucial for timely intervention. Common indications include:

  • Tooth sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet stimuli
  • Visible holes or pits in the teeth
  • Persistent toothache
  • Discolouration
However, sometimes tooth decay happens slowly and does not cause any of the above and only can be detected via professional dentist examination and x-rays.

Tooth decay progresses from initial enamel erosion to deeper decay affecting the dentin and pulp. Understanding this progression emphasises the need for early detection and treatment.

girl and grandma smiling hugging

Risk Groups That Are More Vulnerable

Whilst tooth decay can affect anyone, certain populations are more vulnerable. Children, seniors, individuals with poor oral care habits, and those with specific health conditions face higher risks. It is essential for these groups to prioritise preventative measures and regular dental check-ups. One of the effective preventive treatments against tooth decay is Dental sealants which offer additional protection against tooth decay, particularly for vulnerable populations.

Key Preventative Measures to Take

Taking proactive steps can significantly reduce the risk of tooth decay. Regular brushing with mineralised toothpaste, flossing daily, maintaining a balanced diet low in sugary snacks, and limiting acidic foods and drinks are essential preventive measures.

Regularly visiting the dentist for check-ups and professional cleanings enhances your dental health. These preventive actions empower you to maintain a healthy smile and prevent future dental complications.

Treatment Options

If tooth decay does occur, Excellence in Dentistry offers various treatment options, such as dental fillings, which are commonly used to restore teeth affected by cavities. In cases of advanced decay, ceramic fillings, dental crowns or root canal therapy may be necessary to save the tooth and alleviate pain.

Schedule an Appointment

As prevention is always better than cure, we encourage you to book an appointment. Regular dental visits may help keep tooth decay at bay and help you smile brighter!

Any invasive or surgical procedure may carry risks. Before moving forward, it is recommended that you seek a second opinion from an appropriately licensed medical professional.


Tooth Decay Treatment in Spring Hill, Brisbane CBD QLD | (07) 3839 7757